BMJ Open. 2019 Sep 20;9(9):e028633. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028633.
Observational retrospective study of the association of initial healthcare provider for new-onset low back pain with early and long-term opioid use.
Kazis LE1, Ameli O2,3, Rothendler J2, Garrity B2, Cabral H4, McDonough C5, Carey K2, Stein M2, Sanghavi D3, Elton D6, Fritz J7, Saper R8.
This study examined the association of initial provider treatment with early and long-term opioid use in a national sample of patients with new-onset low back pain (LBP).
A retrospective cohort study of patients with new-onset LBP from 2008 to 2013.