Skip to content

Posts from the ‘Education and Research’ Category

12
Aug

Contrasting real time quantitative measures (weekly SMS) to patients’ retrospective appraisal of their one-year’s course of low back pain; a probing mixed-methods study.

2019 Feb 26;27:12. doi: 10.1186/s12998-018-0222-y. eCollection 2019.

Contrasting real time quantitative measures (weekly SMS) to patients’ retrospective appraisal of their one-year’s course of low back pain; a probing mixed-methods study.

Abstract

Background:

Due to the recurrent nature of low back pain (LBP), the traditional concepts of cure and recovery are challenged, and investigating the course rather than status at fixed time-points may help us understand prognosis as well as treatment effect. However, methods of frequent measuring still need development and validation. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the agreement between continuous, quantitative self-assessment (weekly SMS) of the course of LBP over a one-year period and qualitatively derived retrospective patient self-appraisal of the same time-period.

Methods:

Participants were 32 subjects with LBP from primary care. The quantitative measures consisted of weekly SMS questions for one-year about pain intensity, days with LBP, and activity limitations for that week. For each subject, the weekly responses were graphed and categorized into categories based on intensity, variation and overall change patterns. Qualitative measures were based on semi-structured telephone interviews one-year after a consultation for LBP, where two coders independently categorized the self-appraisal of LBP course into the same predefined categories as the SMS-based trajectories. Furthermore, patients’ perceived overall recovery was related to variation patterns from SMS track.

Results:

There was perfect agreement for 48% in the pain intensity domain, 53% in the variation domain and 63% in the change pattern domain. Most of the discordant cases were classified in neighboring categories with the majority relating to fluctuating patterns. The self-perceived overall recovery status seemed to be reflected quite well by the quantitative measures of pain intensity and days with pain in this study.

Conclusion:

This study shows that a real time quantitative measure (weekly SMS) and the patient’s retrospective appraisal do not fundamentally differ in their reflection of the one-year course of LBP.As a first investigation into this area, these results are promising, as longitudinal quantitatively derived trajectories of LBP seem to reflect the lived experience of the patient to a large degree. Furthermore, the patient’s ability to retrospectively recall their one-year course of LBP appears to be quite good. Future studies should focus on refining the categories of trajectories.

KEYWORDS:

Back pain; Course; Interview; Mixed methods; Recall; SMS; Trajectories

PMID:
30891183
PMCID:
PMC6390359
DOI:
10.1186/s12998-018-0222-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Free PMC Article

5
Aug

Conclusion: A patient with TVL improved under chiropractic care using atlas orthogonal technique.

2018 Dec;17(4):231-236. doi: 10.1016/j.jcm.2018.07.002. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Vascular Ultrasound Measurements After Atlas Orthogonal Chiropractic Care in a Patient With Bow Hunter Syndrome.

Abstract

Objective:

This case report describes chiropractic treatment for a patient diagnosed with bow hunter syndrome with transient vision loss (TVL).

Clinical Features:

A 39-year-old woman presented to a chiropractic clinic with hand and arm numbness that began after she was injured in a motor vehicle collision 18 months earlier. The primary symptom was TVL that began 3 days after the motor vehicle collision. At that time, she had been diagnosed with bow hunter syndrome using dynamic angiography findings. She had previously declined surgery recommended by her attending neurosurgeon at a local hospital.

Intervention and Outcome:

The patient was treated using atlas orthogonal chiropractic technique for 8 visits over a 6-week period. Examination before and the after the initial treatment included cervical radiographic analysis and vascular ultrasound measurement of the right and the left vertebral artery (VA). After the initial spinal manipulation, there was an improvement in blood flow volume of 8.2% in the left VA and 22.2% in the right VA. There was improvement of the symptom of TVL and a measured reduction of rotational misalignment of the first and second cervical vertebra on the radiographic views. After 6 weeks, the patient’s perception of TVL was absent.

Conclusion:

A patient with TVL improved under chiropractic care using atlas orthogonal technique.

KEYWORDS:

Chiropractic; Ultrasonography; Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency

29
Jul

Manual therapy for chronic migraine: a pragmatic randomised controlled trial study protocol.

2019 Mar 27;27:11. doi: 10.1186/s12998-019-0232-4. eCollection 2019.

Manual therapy for chronic migraine: a pragmatic randomised controlled trial study protocol.

Abstract

Introduction:

Chronic migraine is a largely refractory condition affecting between 1 and 2.2% of the overall population worldwide, with females more affected than males. There are also high health and socioeconomic costs associated both for the individual and society. The mainstay of chronic migraine management is pharmacological, but the options available have limited efficacy and there are often unwanted side effects. There is some evidence for manual therapy as a treatment option for migraine, but its effectiveness for chronic migraine is unknown. Therefore, we have designed a pragmatic randomised control trial to investigate whether adding manual therapy to the tertiary specialist treatment of chronic migraine improves patient-reported outcomes.

Methods:

A pragmatic, randomised controlled trial in a hospital tertiary headache clinic. Participants will be randomised into one of two groups: treatment as usual or treatment as usual plus manual therapy. The primary outcome measure will be a change in the Headache Impact Test score. Secondary outcomes will also be measured over the 12-week study period including changes in headache frequency, migraine specific quality of life and reductions in relevant medicine consumption. The manual therapy group will have five treatment sessions each lasting 30 min. The recruitment target of 64 participants will allow power at 80% with p = 0.05 using minimal clinical difference for Headache Impact Test of 3.7 and includes provision for a 10% dropout rate. Recruitment will take place between August 2018 and February 2019. The results will form part of a doctoral study and be published in peer-reviewed journals and presented at national/international conferences.

Discussion:

Current pharmacological approaches have limited effects in the management of chronic migraine and there is a requirement to improve treatment options and reduce the health and economic burden of the condition. Manual therapy has been shown to be effective in other chronic pain conditions as well as other primary headaches. This study will explore the effectiveness of manual therapy as an adjunctive approach to the management of chronic migraine.

Trial registration:

The trial has received a favourable opinion from the UK Health Research Authority (IRAS 228901) and is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov.number NCT03395457. Registered 1st March 2018.

KEYWORDS:

Allodynia; Chiropractic; Chronic migraine; Headache; Manual therapy; Randomised controlled trial

PMID:
30962877
PMCID:
PMC6436233
DOI:
10.1186/s12998-019-0232-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Free PMC Article

22
Jul

A cross-sectional assessment of knowledge, attitudes and self-perceived effectiveness of complementary and alternative medicine among pharmacy and non-pharmacy university students.

2019 May 3;19(1):95. doi: 10.1186/s12906-019-2503-y.

A cross-sectional assessment of knowledge, attitudes and self-perceived effectiveness of complementary and alternative medicine among pharmacy and non-pharmacy university students.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Traditional medicine has always been Pakistan’s cultural heritage, providing health care to a large part of its population. Thus, we aimed to assess and compare the knowledge, attitude, and perception about complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) between pharmacy and non-pharmacy students, the results of which may be helpful in devising national health-education policy.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional study was conducted by enrolling 937 students, pharmacy (437) and non-pharmacy (500), of Punjab University, Lahore. A self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Data were analyzed using SPSS. (IBM v22).

RESULTS:

Data suggested that majority of students knew about the use of traditional herbs and considered massage (P: 84.4%, NP: 82%, p = 0.099), homeopathy, herbs (P: 86.5%, NP: 81%, p = 0.064], yoga [P: 357 (81.7%), NP: 84%), p = 0.42] and spiritual healing (P: 85.6%, NP: 86.2%, p = 0.55) as effective and least harmful CAM modalities. The pharmacy students had better knowledge about CAM modalities compared to non-pharmacy students. Despite utilizing non-reliable sources of CAM information and their belief that CAM is practiced by quacks, the majority of students had positive attitudes and perceptions about CAM usage. Students also believed that CAM had a positive impact on health outcomes [P: 3.19 ± 1.04, NP: 3.02 ± 1.09, p = 0.008] and acceded to include CAM in the pharmacy curriculum. However, non-pharmacy students scored higher in their beliefs that CAM usage should be discouraged due to the non-scientific basis of CAM (P: 3.04 ± 0.97, NP: 3.17 ± 1.02, p = 0.028) and a possible threat to public health (P: 3.81 ± 1.74, NP: 4.06 ± 1.56, p = 0.02). On the other hand, pharmacy students believed that patients might get benefits from CAM modalities (P: 4.31 ± 1.48, NP: 4.12 ± 1.45, p = 0.02). Majority of students perceived that spiritual healing is the most useful and safer CAM modality, while acupuncture (P: 25.4%, NP: 21.8%, p = 0.0005), hypnosis (P: 26.8%, NP: 19.6%, p = 0.001) and chiropractic (P: 18.8%, NP: 11.6%, p = 0.0005) were among the harmful ones.

CONCLUSION:

In conclusion, despite poor knowledge about CAM, students demonstrated positive attitudes and beliefs regarding CAM. They exhibited better awareness about yoga, spiritual healing/prayer, herbs, and massage. Students also showed willingness to advance their knowledge about CAM and favored its inclusion in the curriculum.

KEYWORDS:

Attitude; Complementary and alternative medicine; Knowledge; Non-pharmacy students; Pakistan; Pharmacy students

PMID:
31053114
PMCID:
PMC6500055
DOI:
10.1186/s12906-019-2503-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Free PMC Article

15
Jul

The Chiropractic Vertebral Subluxation Part 4: New Perspectives and Theorists From 1916 to 1927.

2019 Apr 6;25:52-66. doi: 10.1016/j.echu.2018.05.001. eCollection 2018 Dec.

The Chiropractic Vertebral Subluxation Part 4: New Perspectives and Theorists From 1916 to 1927.

Abstract

Objective:

The purpose of this paper is to review and discuss the history of chiropractic vertebral subluxation (CVS) between the years 1916 and 1927.

Discussion:

Theories during this period were shaped by many chiropractic school leaders and instructors. Unique contributions to theories during this period come primarily from 4 authors, John Craven, Jim Drain, Shelby Riley, and Ralph Stephenson. This period included the first thermographic instrumentation in chiropractic, which led to one of Craven’s modifications of CVS theory. He also added to the literature about spinal cord pressure and developed the restoration cycle. Drain and Stephenson also expanded on the cord pressure models of CVS. Drain wrote, in plain language, of many central B. J. Palmer theories and developed protocols for acute and chronic CVS. Stephenson made several contributions to models, including his expansion on B. J. Palmer’s theory of momentum of dis-ease. Stephenson’s main contribution to theory was likely his vertemere cycle, which was a precursor to proprioceptive models. Riley’s combination of Gregory’s theories with zone therapy had a significant impact on several reflex theories.

Conclusion:

Chiropractic vertebral subluxation theory during this period grew in complexity and demonstrated several new perspectives on CVS, which may be still relevant today.

KEYWORDS:

Chiropractic; History